Interview With Alan Hodge

From the interview with Alan Hodge of Clarkston, WA, conducted by Henry West at the Fort Worden History Center on September 18, 2003. Mr. Hodge worked at the Fort Worden Juvenile Diagnostic and Treatment Center from September 1959 to September 1971 as a Group Life Counselor. Here he discusses the treatment of juvenile offenders prior to the opening of the Fort Worden facility and how it changed:

“Before ’58, Washington juvenile treatment (was such that) every kid that got into trouble and was committed to a juvenile institution went to Green Hill, which was like a reformatory. They even had the old whipping post out on the parade grounds where, if kids got in trouble, they got put to the whipping post and given a few lashes in front of everybody, for everybody to see as a lesson. Then, the way I understand it, they hired Dr. Garrett Hines out of Kansas…He took charge of the juvenile corrections and he decided that punishment wasn’t the answer because what you were doing was handling the symptoms instead of looking for and treating the cause of the behavior. That’s when Fort Worden opened up as a diagnostic and treatment center. After that, every kid that was sent us through the courts to a state juvenile institution went directly to Fort Worden Diagnostic. There he spent six weeks in diagnostic and at the end of that six weeks, then it was decided whether he went to treatment or whether he went to Green Hill, which was still somewhat like a reformatory for the stronger, more delinquent kids. Eventually they opened up Echo Glen (which) was for the less toughies, the younger kids.”

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